Effect of Patellar Thickness on Knee Flexion in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Biomechanical and Experimental Study
journal contributionposted on 12.07.2021, 15:18 by David Backstein, Mansour Abolghasemian, Saeid Samiezadeh, Amir Sternheim, Habiba Bougherara, C. Lowry Barnes
A biomechanical computer-based model was developed to simulate the influence of patellar thickness on passive knee flexion after arthroplasty. Using the computer model of a single-radius, PCL-sacrificing knee prosthesis, a range of patella-implant composite thicknesses was simulated. The biomechanical model was then replicated using two cadaveric knees. A patellar-thickness range of 15mm was applied to each of the knees. Knee flexion was found to decrease exponentially with increased patellar thickness in both the biomechanical and experimental studies. Importantly, this flexion loss followed an exponential pattern with higher patellar thicknesses in both studies. In order to avoid adverse biomechanical and functional consequences, it is recommended to restore patellar thickness to that of the native knee during total knee arthroplasty.