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Implementation of Object Recognition Algorithm to enhance Manufacturing and Maintenance Tasks on an Aircraft

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journal contribution
posted on 21.05.2021, 13:07 by Abhinav Sundar
The objective of this thesis was to evaluate the viability of implementation of an object recognition algorithm driven by deep learning for aerospace manufacturing, maintenance and assembly tasks. Comparison research has found that current computer vision methods such as, spatial mapping was limited to macro-object recognition because of its nodal wireframe analysis. An optical object recognition algorithm was trained to learn complex geometric and chromatic characteristics, therefore allowing for micro-object recognition, such as cables and other critical components. This thesis investigated the use of a convolutional neural network with object recognition algorithms. The viability of two categories of object recognition algorithms were analyzed: image prediction and object detection. Due to a viral epidemic, this thesis was limited in analytical consistency as resources were not readily available. The prediction-class algorithm was analyzed using a custom dataset comprised of 15 552 images of the MaxFlight V2002 Full Motion Simulator’s inverter system, and a model was created by transfer-learning that dataset onto the InceptionV3 convolutional neural network (CNN). The detection-class algorithm was analyzed using a custom dataset comprised of 100 images of two SUVs of different brand and style, and a model was created by transfer-learning that dataset onto the YOLOv3 deep learning architecture. The tests showed that the object recognition algorithms successfully identified the components with good accuracy, 99.97% mAP for prediction-class and 89.54% mAP. For detection-class. The accuracies and data collected with literature review found that object detection algorithms are accuracy, created for live -feed analysis and were suitable for the significant applications of AVI and aircraft assembly. In the future, a larger dataset needs to be complied to increase reliability and a custom convolutional neural network and deep learning algorithm needs to be developed specifically for aerospace assembly, maintenance and manufacturing applications.

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