A Polymer To Detect Explosives : Towards An Effective Sensor Material
thesisposted on 24.05.2021, 17:00 by Sofija Katić
There are upwards of 100 million landminds in over 70 countries. Nitroaromatic vapours emanate from landmines and a need exists for a sensitive and robust sensor for their detection. It is the goal of this study to develop a thin, reusable, fluorescent film composed of ß-cyclodextrin polymer crosslinked with epichlorohydrin, for the detection of nitroaromatics. The fluorescent moiety, 2-naphthol, (sensing function) was incorporated into the ß-cyclodextrin-epichlorohydrin polymer (trapping function). Fluorimetry, FTIR and ¹H NMR were employed to characterize the polymer and examine whether 2-naphthol was covalently linked to the ß-cyclodextrin polymer network. Fluorescence quenching studies were conducted using a nitroaromatic compound, nitrobenzene, to determine the quenching efficiency. The characterization studies indicate that 2-naphthol is incorporated into ß-cyclodextrin-epichlorohydrin polymer. A difference does not seem to exist in the quenching efficiency of free 2-naphthol, 2-naphthol:ß-cyclodextrin complex and the polymers by nitrobenzene.