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Axial Strength Of Lightweight Self-Consolidating Concrete Columns With Engineered Cementitious Composite

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thesis
posted on 08.06.2021, 11:26 by Sandeep Parajuli
Axial load behavior of confined columns with engineered cementitious composite (ECC) wrapping was investigated through experimental, analytical and finite element (FE) investigations. The variables in the study were: geometry (cylindrical and rectangular), presence or absence of longitudinal and tie reinforcement, ECC wrap thickness, types of concrete core (lightweight and normal weight self-consolidating concrete) and type of loading (applied through both core and wrap or core only). The effect of these variables on axial load-deformation response, strain characteristics, failure modes, ductility, energy absorption capacity and axial strength were evaluated. The confined concrete strengths predicted from existing analytical and developed FE models were found to be in good agreement with those of experiments. The axial load capacity and ductility were increased for columns with highest ECC wrap thickness (50 mm) while thinner wrap increased stiffness instead of ductility. Canadian code conservatively predicted axial strength of columns having increased thickness of ECC wrap.

History

Language

eng

Degree

Master of Applied Science

Program

Civil Engineering

LAC Thesis Type

Thesis