Singh_Amritpal.pdf (1.9 MB)
Download file

Characterization Of A Single Pixel Beta Detector For Guidance In Breast-Conserving Surgery

Download (1.9 MB)
thesis
posted on 23.05.2021, 10:09 by Amritpal Singh
Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is a challenging surgical procedure due to the lack of intraoperative image guidance available to surgeons. One potential method of intra-operative guidance would be radio-guided surgery with adiopharmaceutical emitting beta particles. In this thesis, a single pixel beta sensitive detector was constructed and characterized for intra-operative guidance during BCS. The thickness of the scintillation element of the detector was optimized to obtain a superior beta to gamma detection ratio. A computer model of the detector response was derived from an empirically measured, two-dimensional (2D) detector response. An in silico study evaluated whether the novel single pixel beta detector could detect less than 1 mm² deposits of cancer at the cut edge of the surgically excised cancerous tissue, with a sensitivity and specificity of 95%. A thickness of 0.5 mm for a CaF₂(Eu) scintillator was found to be optimal for a beta to gamma detection ratio. Additionally, according to an in silico study it is expected that with an acquisition time of 30 seconds, a tumour-to-background ratio of 5 or higher, and a normal breast tissue activity of 1.69 kBq/ml, detection of cancerous deposits of less than 1 mm² is possible. The result of this thesis demonstrate that radio-guided BCS, with a CaF₂(Eu) scintillation beta particle detector, can intra-operatively assess the tumour margin involvement, which would help surgeons in determining resection margins.

History

Language

eng

Degree

Master of Science

Program

Biomedical Physics

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

Thesis