Modeling environmentally responsible supply chains
thesisposted on 23.05.2021, 11:57 authored by Ehab A. Bazan
Numerous literature reviews and research studies have highlighted the increasing environmental concerns of supply chain stakeholders (managers, legislative bodies, customers, etc.). Guaranteeing environmentally conscious supply chain operations is closely linked to an organization’s sustainability and success. A large part of this is the responsible management of product return flows in production and inventory environments. Reverse logistics is inevitable in today’s business environment with the most common reasons being product returns, incorrect product delivery, damaged products, and product exchange programs. Green concepts and should be operationalized in a supply chain context. The literature emphasizes that the modelling of reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chains from a green and/or environmental aspect lacks investigation and development. Mathematical modelling of such systems will assist decisionmaking processes and provided a better understanding of environmentally responsible inventory models. This thesis reviews the literature on the modelling of reverse logistics inventory systems that are based on the economic order/production quantity (EOQ/EPQ) and the joint economic lot size (JELS) settings so as to systematically analyse the mathematics involved in capturing the main characteristics of related processes. The literature is surveyed and classified according to the specific issues faced and modelling assumptions. Special attention is given to environmental issues. There are indications of the need for the mathematics of reverse logistics models to follow current trends in ‘greening’ inventory and supply-chain models. The modelling of waste disposal, greenhouse-gas emissions and energy consumption during production is considered as the most pressing priority for the future of inventory models. Mathematical models for two-level supply chains with different coordination policies, a manufacturing-remanufacturing inventory model and a two-level closed-loop supply chain model with remanufacturing under different coordination are developed in this thesis. Numerical examples are presented and discussed presenting managerial insights and implications. Input-Output system analysis and multi-objective optimization modeling are suggested future research directions.