Rowland_Michelle.pdf (283.74 kB)
Download file

Playing by different rules: indicators of happiness on playgrounds

Download (283.74 kB)
thesis
posted on 25.05.2021, 07:14 by Michelle Rowland
As our cities continue to urbanize, opportunities for children’s unstructured outdoor play are declining. Play is a right to children, and holds a critical role in children’s lives. Creating opportunities for play during school hours produces significant physical and social health benefits. OPAL (Outdoor Play and Learning) is a registered community interest program originating in England transforming attitudes to play supervision, environment and provision within schools. In Toronto, Canada an OPAL pilot project is being implemented at six public elementary schools. Using data from this pilot, this study examines how differences in happiness while playing at schools vary across play conditions and duration. The study explores baseline data collected in Spring 2016 among 352 of 9-12-year-old children, attending grades 4 to 6. Binomial logistic regression was performed for recess and lunch play showing the correlation between happiness and play duration. There are statistically significant relationships between happiness and play conditions. Key words: outdoor play, unstructured, happiness, children, Toronto

History

Language

eng

Degree

Master of Planning

Program

Urban Development

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type

Thesis