Semi-automated Extraction of Urban Road Networks by Geometric Analysis of IKONOS Imagery
thesisposted on 08.06.2021, 09:24 authored by Haibin Dong
This thesis addresses the topic of semi-automated extraction of urban road networks from high-resolution satellite imagery. Research on this topic is mainly motivated by the use geographic information systems in transportation (GIS-T), and the need for reliable data acquisition methods and to update GIS-T databases. To this end, 1-m spatial resolution IKONOS imagery provides a new data source to collect the spatial models of citywide road networks. In this thesis, a novel methodology of a semi-automated road extraction using high-resolution satellite imagery over urban areas is developed. The main objective of this research is to extract urban road networks from a single IKONOS image. To detect the road features from a highly complex scene, a multiscale analysis of the optimal image was performed. To extract roads and their networks, the knowledge of road geometry is exploited in an interactive environment. The key advantage of the developed method is the full employment of a human and a computer's abilities for fast and precise road extraction from high-resolution satellite imagery. The results show that the presented method enables reliable road extraction over urban areas. The potential applications exemplified in case studies indicate that the high-resolution satellite imagery offers an efficient and precise source for geographic and transportation databases. Based on this research, the limitations and future work for the prototype system are discussed.