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Three Dimensional Effect of Axial Magnetic Field to Suppress Convection in the Solvent of Ge0.98Si0.02 Grown By the Traveling Solvent Method

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posted on 23.05.2021, 17:59 by Leily Abidi
A three dimensional numerical simulation of the effect of an axial magnetic field on the fluid flow, heat and mass transfer within the solvent of GE0.98Si0.02 grown by the travelling solvent method is presented. The full steady state Navier-Stokes equations, as well as the energy, continuity and the mass transport equations, were solved numerically using the finite element technique. It is found that a strong convective flow exists in the solvent, which is known to be undesirable to achieve a uniform crystal. An external axial magnetic field is applied to suppress this convection. By increasing the magnetic induction, it is observed that the intensity of the flow at the centre of the crucible reduces at a faster rate than near the wall. This phenomenon creates a stable and flat growth interface and the silicon distribution in the horizontal plane becomes relatively homocentric. The maximum velocity is found to obey a power law with respect to the Hartmann number Umax Ha⁻⁷/⁴





Master of Applied Science


Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Granting Institution

Ryerson University

LAC Thesis Type


Thesis Advisor

M. Z. Saghir