Trim Solutions of Multirotor Vehicles using a Fast Performance Prediction Method
thesisposted on 22.05.2021, 10:53 authored by Julia D. Tsaltas
A fast multirotor performance prediction method is presented. The method uses an algorithm to determine the flight performance and trim solutions of multirotor vehicles in steady, level flight. The method considers parasitic drag, force trim, fuselage interference, rotor interference, moment trim, and power prediction. In order to validate the method, vehicle lift, drag, and pitching moment predictions are compared to experimental data from NASA Ames for the 3DR Solo, a commercially available vehicle. The performance comparison with wind tunnel data show similar lift, drag and pitching moment trends when using estimated rotor and vehicle geometries. In addition, the predicted rotor speeds, vehicle power, and vehicle pitch are compared to flight test data of the Aeryon SkyRanger. The lead and rear rotor speed results show that the application of moment trim into the performance model provides rotor speed estimates that reflect the differential rotor speeds the flight test. An orientation study is conducted to explore the effects of rotor and fuselage interference velocities on rotor performance and the performance differences of a four-rotor vehicle flying in diamond and square configurations. Finally, a mass offset study is presented to predict the changes in rotor speed distribution of a SkyRanger vehicle when a 100 g mass is added to the support arm, which simulates asymmetry in centre of gravity location. The predicted performance results show overlapping results with flight testing with and without the mass offset at airspeeds below 5 m/s. At higher airspeeds, the rotor speed predictions that are established by moment trim requirements reflect the rotor speed trends shown from flight test data.